Thanks again for getting in contact and providing your detailed feedback on behalf of The Faversham Society. I have since been in contact with our environmental and technical team and can provide now you with some more information regarding your feedback.
Regarding the Environmentally Sensitive Area (ESA) the site lies within, although the ESA will not be addressed directly (as it is not a planning designation), as part of the DCO process a full Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) will be undertaken, which will include a number of environmental surveys and assessments relating to wildlife designations and the biodiversity of the area. The impact on the existing agricultural land use will also be assessed. The findings of these surveys and studies will inform mitigation and enhancement measures. We will consult on these measures with statutory environmental authorities and local interest groups. We are in ongoing conversations with Natural England, RSPB and Kent Wildlife Trust regarding our bird data collated over the past 4 years and discussing mitigation proposals. Moving forward, we will continue to consult with stakeholders on our proposals to develop a strategy to ensure that adverse effects on birds as a result of the proposals can be appropriately mitigated. The drainage ditches currently in place will remain, and in some areas, the ditch habitat areas will be enhanced where possible. The agricultural land classification is relevant to the consideration of future land management provision within the site during the operational phase, and the potential for continued agricultural use (e.g. livestock grazing) is under consideration for the project.
Regarding footpaths, all your comments have been noted. We are open to the idea of enhancing or upgrading public rights of way in the area and have been receiving input from members of the public on this during this consultation period.
Regarding the shoreline and potential flooding, we have met with the Environment Agency to discuss our proposals and have commissioned a detailed flood modelling exercise to inform our project design. When we have received the flood modelling results, we will produce a project design which takes these results into account to ensure a safe and appropriate layout. Cleve Hill Solar Park Ltd are engaging with the current consultation exercise on the Medway Estuary and Swale Strategy which will conclude in February 2018.
Regarding traffic, your comments have been noted. We will be producing a comprehensive Construction Traffic Management Plan (CTMP) to control traffic movements throughout the construction period. The local community will be given the opportunity to comment on the CTMP before it is finalised. There is also some flexibility in how the solar park is constructed, e.g. quickly, with higher traffic volumes over a short period of time, or more slowly, with lower traffic volumes over a longer period of time. There are various influences on this, including wildlife, impact on local residents and likely weather conditions.
Regarding potential landscape and visual impacts, we are currently in consultation with the Council’s landscape consultants to seek agreement on the viewpoints which we will present and assess in our Landscape and Visual Impact Assessment (LVIA). As we obtain more information on the project design, we will begin to model the visibility of the solar park from key viewpoints. This work will feed back into the project design, which will evolve to respond to the LVIA work undertaken.
The deadline for this first phase of consultation ends today. Once all comments are received we will be analysing the feedback and reporting this in an interim consultation summary, which will be circulated to our distribution list of over 12,000 local homes, businesses and interest groups. All feedback received to our proposals will also be reported in the final Consultation Report, which will accompany the Development Consent Order application for the scheme.
We are pleased that The Faversham Society is engaging with our proposals, and providing us with feedback. We will endeavour to keep you updated on our proposals and welcome your member’s valued input into how we can develop our proposals. Whilst the first phase of consultation ended on 22 December, all our lines for feedback are still open and we will continue to welcome the views and suggestions of your members.
Cleve Hill Solar Park.
The Faversham Society’s response to the first phase of consultation 22 December 2017
The Faversham Society supports the development of renewable energy recognising its importance in reducing carbon emissions. However, the Society has some specific and serious concerns about the scale of the Cleve Hill Solar Park and its likely impact on wildlife, public amenity and food production.
Issues of concern
- Environmentally Sensitive Area.
The North Kent Marshes extending from the Medway along the Swale including Nagden, Graveney and Seasalter marshes are included in an Environmentally Sensitive Area. This is a national designation and there are only 22 in the UK. This is because the farmland is particularly good for wildlife and agriculture. This was not mentioned in any of the publicity material which states that the land is lower grade agricultural land, grade 3b.
The land within the site is a mix of arable over most of the area and some grazing marsh, but this mix of crops/habitat is particularly good for wintering ducks and geese and also for waders in summer such as lapwing which is a species that has been in major decline over the last 20 years.
After the marshlands were flooded in 1953 extensive field drainage was undertaken. This offered grazing for cattle and flocks of Romney and Suffolk sheep as well as land in which peas, beans, potatoes, mangolds, barley, wheat and mushrooms were grown.
(Source Farmer & Stock Breeder April 1958 and Lyn Powell who, together with her sisters were born at Nagden and whose father worked on the land for the then owner Arthur Frith).
- Wildlife Designations
The coast outside the seawall along the whole boundary of the site is a Site of Special Scientific Interest and a Special Protection Area. These are both national designations, indicating that this coast is of national importance for wildlife, in particular birds. This area is also designated under the Ramsar Convention, which means that it is of European importance for bird populations, particularly migratory birds in winter. The birds, particularly ducks and geese also use the marshes and arable land inside the seawall for feeding, so that the loss of most of the land to solar panels would be greatly detrimental to the habitat available for migrating birds. Although only 60% of the land will be used, with the exception of the refuge area at the east end, all the other land will be gaps between the lines of panels and drainage ditches. This will result in a significant reduction in flat, open land. There is only a small area set aside for birds at the east end and it is not likely that geese would overfly the panels and only land on this area. The geese fly along the Swale from the mud along the shore of the Isle of Sheppey or at Castle Coote and mostly land on the arable land which will be the site of the panels.
Lyn Powell whilst living at Nagden observed Brent geese, mallard ducks, Bewick swans, Whooper swans, curlews, reed warblers, owls and more.
- Swale Landscape Character and Biodiversity Appraisal
This is an important historic and cultural identity landscape. At the least the landscape west of a line drawn northwards from Nagden farm to the Swale coast (the landscape enclosing the lower Creek and entrance) should be preserved.
The Swale Landscape Character and Biodiversity Appraisal (2010) which is used by Swale Borough Council as Supplementary Planning Guidance identifies the Graveney Marshes as intensively farmed land with straight drainage ditches. The ditches are of some interest for wildlife. The eastern end is grazing marsh. The whole area is very exposed. Parts of the area are important for corn bunting, which is a nationally declining species. The area is remote marshland enclosed by the sea wall. The land is described as being in moderate condition and of moderate sensitivity. It is considered that this would not justify the conversion of the whole of this area of land into a solar installation.
There are two footpaths across the site. One is part of a footpath running from Seasalter Road onto the marsh. The main footpath affected is the track from Nagden Cottages to the seawall at Castle Coote. Although neither of these paths would be closed, the character of both would be substantially changed from paths across farmed land with an open character with wide views to paths through a dense landscape of solar panels. For the main footpath, this would be on both sides and as far as the eye can see until the walker reaches the sea wall. The Saxon Shore Way is also the England Coast Path and runs along Faversham Creek along the seawall and continues past Castle Coote on its way to Seasalter. This has open coastal view on the seaward side and at present open views over marshland fields inland. The character of this route would be changed substantially by introducing an extensive solar installation over the whole marsh area as far inland as Nagden Cottages and the Sandbanks ridge.
The Environment Agency’s Shoreline Management Plan is relevant and has implications for the proposed Solar Park:
“Faversham Creek to the Sportsman Pub marks the interface between the eastern landward limit of the Medway Estuary and Swale SMP and the open coast (Policy Unit E4 24: Faversham to Nagden – Medway Estuary and Swale SMP. The preferred policy for the estuary frontage is to Hold the Line in the short, medium and long terms). The frontage comprises extensive tidal mudflats to the west and a narrow beach extending to a small sand, shingle and shell spit at Castle Coot in the east, A concrete seawall, extending along the majority of frontage, protects undeveloped low lying coastal grazing marsh. The intertidal habitats along the frontage and a small section of wetland (immediately west of the Sportsman Pub) is of international nature conservation value. Under rising sea levels and a limited supply of contemporary beach building sediment, it is anticipated that the sparse section of beach will become increasingly difficult to maintain in the future. If the current alignment were to be held in the long-term, coastal squeeze, together with a diminished supply of natural beach building sediment would lead to substantial hard defences and / or significant beach management. Managed realignment would avoid the need for such defences, possibly creating cost savings and environmental enhancement.
No specific realignment ‘line’ has been defined but a maximum extent has been identified (see map). Further studies will be required to investigate and define the extent, location and implementation of the realignment i.e. the best technical, environmental and economic option that best manages flood risk, as well as to investigate the exact standard and alignment of any defences for this frontage and any mitigation measures required for loss of designated habitat. However, it is recognised that the greatest environmental benefits would be realised if the non-designated areas underwent realignment first.
A set back here would involve the loss of agricultural land and freshwater habitats. Realignment would however, create a coast that will not require ever increasing expenditure to maintain in the coming centuries, negate the effects of coastal squeeze and create important brackish and saline habitats.(The loss of the designated freshwater habitats would normally require mitigation measures to be implemented – and this aspect will require a more detailed appraisal in the strategy study).
The short term plan therefore, is to continue protecting the low-lying assets, which include footpaths, agricultural land and freshwater habitats. There remain opportunities for managed realignment to be implemented, for habitat creation purposes, in the short-term; however, this will be subject to further studies. In the medium and long term the plan is to realign the defences, along the majority of this frontage, allowing the shoreline to respond in a managed approach. The potential environmental, engineering and coastal process benefits will then be realised under a policy of managed realignment.
There is the p potential for a loss of buried unknown heritage within realigned areas in the latter two epochs.” Faversham Creek to Sportsman Pub (2010) p. 72
All traffic to the site to deliver the panels and all other materials will be brought from the A299 via Head Hill and through Graveney Village. The panels are large objects and will need to be brought by lorry. This will mean a period when there will be a large number of heavy vehicle movements through the village to the detriment of the amenity of the occupiers. A lesser number of vehicles will be required over the 25 years the installation is expected to be in place to service the site and/or bring in any replacements if necessary.
The panels will be set in pairs facing east and west with the ridge line running north to south. It is anticipated that these will be raised off the ground by at least 1 metre so that sheep can graze under them, but no section was provided to show whether or not this is the case. Since areas on the Isle of Sheppey across the Swale are higher than the coastal marsh, the large solar installation would be visible from parts of Sheppey. There is also higher land in Graveney which overlooks the marshes and the large solar installation would be visible covering an extensive area of open land. This includes views over the whole marsh area from the A299 Thanet Way at Wraik Hill as this road leaves the built-up area of Whitstable. It is likely that since the seawall around the Nagden side of the site is quite low that the top of the panels would be visible from the outskirts of Faversham instead of just the successive sea walls between Nagden and Castle Coote.
This first consultation has been on a tight deadline, and we have not been able to consult our members nor to consider the views of other groups with expertise in farming, wildlife and amenity. We look forward to seeing the results of this first round of consultation, and the developer’s proposed measures to mitigate or avoid negative impacts such as a) the intended construction process, b) the protection of existing footpaths and the creation of new ones c) flora and fauna and d) the landscape.
We would welcome the opportunity to engage in a constructive dialogue with the developers and to consult our members before coming to a considered view on the scheme in the Phase Two Consultation.
In early 2018 the Faversham Society is organising two Fairs with the Alexander Centre. The February one is for those with an interest in history and the one on heritage will showcase the natural and cultural heritage sites and attractions which can be visited locally.
The History Fair is on February 3rd and the Heritage Fair is on March 3rd. There will be a programme of talks and presentations alongside the stalls in both fairs. The History Fair will be open to the public and anyone interested in history and archaeology including those researching their house, family history, buildings and detectorists. Come along take a stall and show others what you are doing.
For further information or to arrange a speaking slot please contact email@example.com 01795 532737. PowerPoint will be available. We are looking for “taster talks” of between 10 and 20 minutes on history and how to do history.
Tables cost £24 and can be booked with Alison at the Alexander Centre.
Comments on KCC/SW/0247/2017
Redevelopment of an existing waste management facility and inclusion of additional land into waste management use.
It is noted that this proposal seeks to increase the intensity of the existing waste transfer facility which was established in 1992 on the Faversham side of Oare Creek. This is in connection with the intended closure of an existing waste transfer station at Aylesham and consolidation onto a single site. The proposal involves the replacement of the existing buildings with taller and more extensive buildings, additional equipment including a crusher, conveyor, metal containers and stacked materials, extended storage area, night watchmen, weighbridges and more parking together with extended hours and a doubling of the number of lorries servicing the site. The planning application is supported by site plans, elevations of the buildings and equipment individually but not in context and reports on traffic generation, noise, a visual appraisal and studies on wintering birds and on the impact on the adjacent RAMSAR site.
The noise appraisal seeks to demonstrate that there is no harmful or even significant increase in noise levels emanating from the site as a result of the new buildings and greater area over which waste is treated. This is because some of the noisy machinery is enclosed in buildings and the site would be enclosed to the south by noise absorbent bunds. However, the noisiest item, the crusher, is at the unenclosed area of the site and is expected to run for periods of two weeks out of every six weeks. The site is already relatively close to residential areas in Oare to the south of Pheasant Barn which is identified as the nearest residential property and the measuring point for noise. The new residential development at Oare Lakes starts at 250m from the site which is substantially closer than the houses in Oare. This is also used as a measuring point for noise impact. At present the hours of operation are 0700-1800 on Mondays to Fridays and from 0700-1300 on Saturdays. This represents a 13-hour day on weekdays. The proposal includes the prospect, with the approval of KCC, of working on Sundays after Bank Holidays, Bank Holidays and Boxing Day working. These are all days when residents and potential residents would normally expect the site to be quiet and as such, this element of the proposal represents a substantial intrusion into residential amenity and the relative quiet of the area for walkers and other users. Further, it is proposed that the hours of operation for the lorries would be extended to run from 0500-2000 daily and 0500-1500 on Saturdays and to include Bank Holidays. These extra hours and days are also periods when it is usually expected to be much quieter than business hours and would intrude on the amenity of the area both for residents and outdoor users.
The existing facility with the exception of some partly used buildings is relatively low in height. It has been used since 1992 for waste transfer and previously there were other industrial uses around Oare Creek including loading cargoes and the explosives industry. The areas around Oare and Ham Marshes have been used for gravel working but are expected to be restored and new housing added on the Oare Lakes site. The footpaths, marshes and lagoons form part of a countryside buffer zone between Oare and Faversham. Close by and directly adjacent to the roadway serving East Kent Recycling are areas protected for wildlife comprising the SPA which is also a RAMSAR site. The erection of three large-footprint buildings at 20, 25 and 30m long with two over 7.5m high and one at 12m high represent a much more visible and extensive built development which would be more prominent in views from Oare village including from the footpaths near the playing field, from Church Road across the creek, from Ham Marshes and across Oare Creek on the Saxon Shore Way as well as from the footpath across the lagoons adjacent to the site. The footpath adjacent to the site which runs along the service road is already at least a moderately sensitive use but would become a highly sensitive use when it becomes part of the England Coast Path. It is considered that for these reasons, the erection of more extensive and high buildings on this site would be an unwelcome development and would contravene the aims of the Swale Landscape Character and Biodiversity Appraisal.
Dust and other air pollution issues
In addition to the dust and diesel particulates associated with the increased traffic flows there are likely to be dust and other air pollution issues arising from the increased scale of operations. The marsh is a windy area and dust, and other airborne pollutants are likely to spread over a considerable distance on the wind. The prevailing winds are onshore and will carry airborne pollution to residential areas. An air quality monitoring system should be put in place to ensure that there is objective evidence on the emissions.
Conflict between traffic and the footpath
It is proposed to increase the number of vehicles from the present 80 per day (40 in and 40 out) to 160 per day (80 in and 80 out) In peak hours this would amount to 16 vehicles per hour. The hours would be extended in the mornings to 0500 from 0700 but also in the evening from 1800 to 2000 and from 1300-1500 on Saturday afternoons. In addition, Bank Holiday working including potentially on Boxing Day and some Sunday afternoons would be introduced. This means that not only would there be more vehicles at all the times the plant has been working up to now, but the road will be used for much more of the time when the public would want to use it as a footpath. The Traffic Appraisal refers to employees being able to access the works on foot or by cycle although there is no pavement but takes no account of the use of this roadway as a public footpath. Throughout the documents it is assumed that the footpath runs on another parallel line and not on the road but the map extract that they provide shows that this line runs through the water of the lagoon. The roadway is enclosed on the lagoon side by barbed wire fencing with very narrow grass strips in places. There are only three lorry passing places and these are more likely to be needed by passing lorries if there are 16 per hour. The creekside is open with no fencing and a drop onto either mud or water depending on the state of the tide with only approximately 450mm of bank which is sometimes muddy in winter. This means that a substantial increase in vehicles would make a walk along the footpath unpleasant and potentially dangerous. Most vehicles would be skip lorries or rigid vehicles and these tend to have come from sites elsewhere so throw up dust. The trees along this road are already covered in dust and water sprayers also pass up and down to suppress dust on the road but make passage less pleasant for walkers. It is considered that the increase in the intensity of the waste transfer use on the site is not compatible with use of the roadway as a nationally designated public footpath such as the England Coast Path and this is the only route from the Oare Stray stretch of the footpath to the head of Oare Creek.
While the proposal would comply with KCC policies CSW2 (enhances the county’s ability to process waste) and CSW16 (is an extension of an existing waste transfer site) of the Kent Minerals and Waste Local Plan, with regard to policy CSW8, any extra vehicles have to pass through a road which is in an Air Quality Monitoring Area, so the site would not be particularly well-located with regard to sourcing and sending out materials. The advantages of extending the site to take in the activities from Aylesham are outweighed by environmental costs which demonstrate why this would not be a suitable site to extend.
The Society is concerned that this development reverses the whole thrust of planning policy for this area over the last twenty years which has been toward conservation and leisure use. This sets a dangerous precedent for industrial development whilst creating very few new jobs and jeopardising residential quality. We are concerned that there is already some evidence that vehicle movement numbers have been exceeded and obviously all vehicle movements must affect either Ospringe or Teynham and the village of Oare.
People, Plaice and Chips: Fisheries and sense of place,The management of fisheries tends to focus on economic and biological factors with cultural issues often neglected.
Dr Tim Acott FRGS, Director of the Greenwich Maritime Centre, puts forward the idea that sense of place can be used to make visible a range of social and cultural values that emerge from the process of marine fishing.
He will give a talk, People, Plaice and Chips: Fisheries and sense of place, at the Fleur hall at 7.30pm on Monday, 20 November.
“Sense of place” is an underused concept in resource management in general and within fisheries management in particular but it has potential to contribute to the evaluation of cultural services in a way that is accessible to a broader range of stakeholders, including policymakers and
those involved in developing sustainable communities.
Tickets are £5, or £3 for Faversham Society members
Tim Acott is a Reader in Human Geography at the University of Greenwich. He is Director of the Greenwich Maritime Centre and is currently the Chair of the Coastal and Marine Research Group at the Royal Geographic Society. Over the last 8 years he has worked extensively on understanding the social and cultural importance of fisheries through sense of place and cultural ecosystem services. He has co-edited two books, ‘Social Issues in Sustainable Fisheries Management’ (2014) and ‘Social wellbeing and the values of small-scale fisheries’ (2017) and has published numerous articles. His most recent research is leading a project exploring the socio-cultural values of wetlands.
Dr Tim Acott graduated with a BSc Hons in Environmental Science from the University of Plymouth in 1989. He subsequently completed a PhD at the University of Stirling and started to lecture at the University of Greenwich in 1993. His academic interests revolve around a social science perspective on environment and sustainability issues. To explore this subject area he crosses a number of subject boundaries including: environmental ethics, sustainable development, landscape, sense of place, environmental sociology, social and cultural dimensions of marine fisheries, GIS, actor network theory, hybrid geography, wildness, sustainability, allotments as hybrid spaces, and qualitative research methods. In addition to his academic portfolio Dr Acott also actively explores different environments through painting and photography.